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International Principles & Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration, 2nd Edition
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  • A formatted version of the second edition of the Standards in English or Chinese can be download here
  • The Restoration Ecology version can be accessed here
  • A summary version in English is available here.


  • Please use the Restoration Ecology citation (Gann GD, McDonald T, Walder B, Aronson J, Nelson CR, Jonson J, Hallett JG, Eisenberg C, Guariguata MR, Liu J, Hua F, Echeverria C, Gonzalez E, Shaw N, Decleer K, Dixon KW. 2019. International principles and standards for the practice of ecological restoration. Second edition. Restoration Ecology S1-S46) if you are citing the Standards in your work. The content is the same in both versions, but the design and layout are different. The technical citation from  Restoration Ecology provides the more formal, peer-reviewed citation.

We are currently seeking volunteers to translate the second edition for other languages. If you are interested please email us 


About the Standards

 “SER's International Standards provide essential tools and can help ensure that time and resources invested in restoration projects are well spent.” 

                          -George Gann, SER International Policy Lead


The second edition of the International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration was released on September 27, 2019, in Cape Town, South Africa at SER’s 8th World Conference on Ecological Restoration.

This groundbreaking publication provides updated and expanded guidance on the practice of ecological restoration, clarifies the breadth of ecological restoration and allied environmental repair activities, and includes ideas and input from a diverse international group of restoration scientists and practitioners.  

The second edition builds on the first edition of the Standards, which was released December 12, 2016 at the Convention on Biological Diversity’s 13th Conference of the Parties in Cancun, Mexico. The development of these Standards has been broadly consultative. The first edition was circulated to dozens of practitioners and experts for feedback and review. After release of the first edition, SER held workshops and listening sessions, sought feedback from key international partners and stakeholders, opened a survey to members, affiliates and supporters, and considered and responded to published critiques.




Recovery Wheel

You can access the recovery wheel through several resources.

  • Download a PDF of the blank recovery wheel and data sheet here
  • An interactive version of the recovery wheel is available online
  • An Excel version of the recovery wheel is available here
  • An interactive wheel is available as an app for Android, iPhone, and iPad

E-learning Course

SER developed a free e-learning course to introduce practitioners and professionals to the core components of restoration and how to implement the Standards on the ground. This course is currently being adapted to reflect updates from the secondedition of the Standards.

This course is free and available online here

Previous Version (Archive)

Click here to download the first edition of the Standards in English, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Arabic, Korean, and French.